The United States embassy in Turkey on Jan. 26 warned against the risk of attacks against its citizens in the country after a rise in anti-American rhetoric.
Turkey has been hit by a slew of attacks over the last months claimed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) militants that have left the country on edge.
In the latest strikes, 39 people were gunned down in an attack on New Year's night claimed by ISIL mat an Istanbul nightclub.
Just three weeks earlier, 46 people were killed in a double suicide bombing claimed by PKK militants close to the stadium of the Besiktaş football club.
The attacks prompted claims in the radical conservative press that the United States had a hand in the violence, although the allegations have been repeatedly and angrily denied by the embassy.
"An increase in anti-American rhetoric has the potential to inspire independent actors to carry out acts of violence against US citizens," the embassy said in a travel warning.
It said new attacks could occur at major events, tourist sites, restaurants, nightclubs, shopping centres, places of worship, and transportation hubs.
An October order for family members of employees posted to the US Consulate in Istanbul to depart Turkey temporarily remains in place, it added.
Meanwhile, all US government travel to Istanbul is subject to State Department approval, it said.
This is based on intelligence "indicating extremist groups are continuing frequent and aggressive efforts to attack US citizens and foreign expatriates in areas of Istanbul where they reside or frequent," it said.